Water treatment Research and Development

Päivi M. Kauppila, Geological Survey of Finland, P.O. BOX 1237, FI-70211 Kuopio, FINLAND, e-mail: paivi.kauppila(at)gtk.fi

These web pages presents the results of the Water Treament Research and Development projects carried out during Closedure project. During the project, performance of different passive treatment technologies applied at closed mine sites was studied. The studied technologies included aerobic wetland formed in former settling ponds, constucted aerobic and compost wetland, and biological in-situ sulphate reduction in a pit lake using sulphate reducing bacteria. Results of the studies are presented in the following articles:

Evaluations of the studied technologies are described in detail in: