Case studies / Wastes and waste facilities

Päivi M. Kauppila1, Teemu Karlsson1, Clayton Larkins1 & Henna Punkkinen21Geological Survey of Finland, P.O. Box 1237, FI-70211 Kuopio, FINLAND, e-mail: paivi.kauppila(at), teemu.karlsson(at),; 2VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, Finland, henna.punkkinen(at)

In these pages, case studies of waste characterization and waste management have been collected to provide data on the performance of the characterisation methods and closure technologies. Case studies presented will show both successful and unsuccessful use of various technologies. Stucture of the case study articles is based on the case study evaluation template.

Case studies on the use of characterization methods

Use of field studies in evaluating drainage quality from waste facilities:

Waste management case studies

Figure 1. Reclamated waste rock areas at the Luikonlahti Mine site, Finland. Photo © P. Kauppila, GTK.